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Nikolay Kozhanov

Articles By Nikolay Kozhanov

Russia’s Middle East Turning Point: 2012

September 27, 2017

Why was 2012 a turning point for Russia’s presence in the Middle East? Because this was the point of transition in Moscow’s post-Soviet regional posture. After 2012, Russia’s leadership adopted a more strategic approach to the Middle East by seeing it as a region of growing importance for achieving the Kremlin’s political goals. This period […]

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